Friday, 21 November 2014

the bicycle from generation to generation will continue to be environmentally friendly

Many things we use every day to go from place to place move on wheels , for example . the bus . the motor bike . the car and many others move on wheels , One of the things that move on wheels is the bicycle . bicycles are important for both young people and grown-ups . people use them for fun and for work all over the world.
the history of the bike is interesting. in 1818 . the bicycle had no pedals . the pedals were added in 1839 the pedals made them move faster than the old ones . more speed was possible by making the front wheel very large . but such bicycles were dangerous to ride .
BY 1900 , MOST of the bicycle parts that we know today were developed  . They include equal - sized wheels , brakes to stop the bike , a chain connecting the pedals to the rear wheels . and various speeds . bicycling is now an exciting sport and a means of transport . using the bike to go to school or work is  a clean an easy of moving around . Unlike other means of transport , the bike does not use petrol . this means that the bike keeps the enviroment from another good thing about the bike is that it does not need a big space to park . this is why in some big cities in the world . people can only ride bicycles

Saturday, 15 November 2014

From food to sport

Hunting was originall a means of providing food , but it has now become a sport , though in some parts of the world there are still people who hunt wild animals to provide themselves with food in england , hunting is as much a social activity as anything else.
A great many years ago , fishermen in japan used birds to catch fish . this art of fishing is said to be at least a thousand years old and is mentioned in japanese noh plays today , however , fishing in this way has simply become a sport. for the fishermen are not seriously interested in catching fish.
On summer nights the fishing boats set out on rivers in various parts of the country . the front of each boat there is an iron basket in which a wood fire is kept burning . as the grace ful curved boats float past carried along by the current . these fires , dotted here an here , make bright patterns on the water , steering down the river , the fishermen beat the sides of the boat to encourage the birds and people out for an evening entertainment either sit or lie on the floor of the boats cooking a meal for themselves over the flames of the fire . this method of fishing demands great skill , for the fisherman has to handle three or four birds in one hand . a long picece of string tied round the neck of each bird and the fishermen must take care to keep the birds separate from each other . every so often , the birds are set free and they fly close to the water in search of fish . the moment a bird catches afish in its beak , it is pulled back on to the boat , the string is held tightly round the birds throat to prevent it from swallowing the fish it has caught .  when many fish in the river do not appear , the fishermen can sometimes be seen secretly throwing dead fish into the water for the birds to catch , no one  really objects to this practice . as it is all part of this unusual sport

clash of civilizations. who is responsible for fostering this innovation ?

the course of human history has never at any point been determined by a clash of civilizations. who is responsible for fostering this innovation ? who is behind the idea of getting the world involved in theoretical issues and not the tasks of comprehensive development and poverty eradication ?
our pharaonic forefathers did not seek to in vade their neighbours and plunder their wealth. when the egyptians first ranged beyond our borders , it was to pursue the  remnants of the invading hyksos this occurred in 1770 BC , some 2.500 years after the unification of upper and lower egypt it followed that our ancestors built the great pyramid - the first of the seven wonders of the ancient world without enslaving another people , without " foreign expertise " and without needing technology transfer to copy a precedent made abroad .
although the hyksos invasion made it clear to the ancient egyptians that the approach to their country passed through syria and palestine. this knowledge did not compel them to force their language and culture upon the peoples of those landes , the pharaohs were content to have neighbouring rulers as friends and their owen modes of life, while  pursuing commercial relation in the eastern mediterranean countries

Friday, 14 November 2014


is it so that the body can repair itself? ist part of a process in which our brain assimilates the information it has gathered during the day? or is sleep a mechanism that has evolved to keep us  out of harmsway? no one knows for sure, though each hypothesis has its supporters.
it is easier to say what sleep than why we sleep. during sleep our blood pressure falls, the pulse rate drops, respiration slows, body temperature falls, most of our muscles relax , and in general our metabolic rate falls by about twenty per cent.The organ that shows the clearest distinction between the state of sleeping and waking, however is the brain. but while the activity of the sleeping brain differs from that of the waking brain it does not " switch off " during sleep.
sleep involvesfive distinict patterns- four stages of successively deeper sleep known as non rapid - eye. movement sleep (or nrem sleep) and a fifth stage known as a rapid eye movement or rem , sleep during nrem sleep,

The letter written in black ink

what appears to be the earliest surviving letter ever posted in londen has been unearthed byarchaeolgists near hardrians wall. written around AD 70 by a german bearng the extraordinary name of chrauttius, the letter is addressed to amember of the staff of the roman governor of britian. the letter written in black ink - on a 2mm silver of elder wood- was probably sent through the roman military postal is addressed to chrauttuiss brother , veldedeuis, one of the governors staff, who appears to have been stationed at the nortern british frontier fort of viodolanda , the ruins of which survive in northumberland.
roman military units were often dispersed at several locations, and it is possible that the two brothers were members of the same unit, one stationed in londen, the other in vindolanda. in the letter chrauttuis asks for news of theirparents and ticks veldeduis off for not having written to him.

the goal of marketing

the goal of marketing is to create a product which satisfies the needs of the costumers. Marketers deal with many variables as they work to meet this goals. these variables  are called the "marketing mix". all of the variables of the marketing mix can be classified into four basic groups:product, place, promotion and price. these groups are also  known as the " four ps"
The first "P" , Product  is concerned  with developing a product that will meet the needs of the consumer. this group of variables includes decisions about the product s design,brand name and packaging. the product may be a commodity or a service . the second "P" place is concerned with getting the product to a place where the consumer can easily purchase it . A product is of little use if it is sold at a place where the consumer cannot get to it easily. A product reaches customers through a channel of distribution. the third " p" , promotion , involves telling consumers why they should buy a certain product . promotion can be done by personal selling or mass  selling  personal selling takes place when sellers communicate  directly with consumers , either in person or over the phone . mass selling involves the sellers communicating with large number of consumers at the same time . television commercials aer a major example of mass selling. the final "p" is price . decisions about price involve the sellers trying the figure out the price at which the most consumers will buy a particular product . sellers must consider the cost of producing the product , the cost of distributing the product and the cost of promoting the product.